Difference between revisions of "Setting up a gateway on Cisco Routers"

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m (Tried to clarify variables in Option 2 config)
 
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 +
== Option 1: Secondary IP on WAN interface ==
 +
 
To create a gateway using Cisco equipment you must have a Cisco Router (preferred from series 2600 and above)
 
To create a gateway using Cisco equipment you must have a Cisco Router (preferred from series 2600 and above)
  
Line 67: Line 69:
 
To overcome this problem a route policy will have to  be used (with the command route-map) because regular route command deal with route  for destination  IP  without  looking at the source (local net)  and  route policy  can do it ...
 
To overcome this problem a route policy will have to  be used (with the command route-map) because regular route command deal with route  for destination  IP  without  looking at the source (local net)  and  route policy  can do it ...
  
So two policy  have to be created  one for all addresses (excluding the AMPRnet that needed to be routed direct to the internet (without tunnel) and second one specifically for the 44 net hosts that needed to redirect their  outgoing traffic to the tunnels  
+
So two policy  have to be created  one for all addresses (excluding the AMPRnet that needed to be routed direct to the internet (without tunnel) and second one specifically for the 44 net hosts that needed to redirect their  outgoing traffic to the tunnels
 +
 
 +
== Option 2: VLAN and zone-based firewall ==
 +
 
 +
If you're familiar with zone-based policy firewalls in IOS, it's possible to combine that feature with VTI and policy-based routing in a way that doesn't require multiple route-maps and won't impact non-44net traffic on the router.
 +
 
 +
<nowiki>!
 +
! Define security zones for the tunnel interface and 44net vlan
 +
!
 +
zone security AMPRNet
 +
zone security AMPRAlloc
 +
!
 +
! An ACL for source traffic on the 44net vlan
 +
!
 +
ip access-list standard Vlan44
 +
permit <your_44net_allocation> <your_allocation_mask>
 +
deny  any log
 +
!
 +
! Send all traffic coming from the 44net vlan through the tunnel.
 +
!
 +
route-map ampr-tunnel permit 10
 +
set interface Tunnel44
 +
!
 +
interface Vlan44
 +
description AMPRNet allocation
 +
ip address <first_ip_from_your_allocation> <allocation_subnet_mask>
 +
ip access-group Vlan44 in
 +
zone-member security AMPRAlloc
 +
ip policy route-map ampr-tunnel
 +
!
 +
interface Tunnel44
 +
description AMPRNet
 +
ip unnumbered Vlan44
 +
zone-member security AMPRNet
 +
tunnel source GigabitEthernet0/0/1
 +
tunnel mode ipip
 +
tunnel destination 169.228.34.84
 +
!
 +
! Now we get into the zone-based firewall configuration
 +
! Access lists for class-maps
 +
!
 +
ip access-list extended Ping
 +
permit icmp any any echo
 +
ip access-list extended Traceroute
 +
permit icmp any any time-exceeded
 +
permit icmp any any unreachable
 +
!
 +
! Classify traffic for the zone-based firewall
 +
!
 +
class-map type inspect match-all Traceroute
 +
match access-group name Traceroute
 +
match protocol icmp
 +
class-map type inspect match-all Ping
 +
match protocol icmp
 +
match access-group name Ping
 +
class-map type inspect match-any Generic
 +
match protocol tcp
 +
match protocol udp
 +
match protocol icmp
 +
!
 +
! Define policies for the classes above.
 +
! Here we will only allow ping and traceroute in, and have no restrictions on outbound traffic.
 +
! Customize to your needs, of course.
 +
!
 +
policy-map type inspect AMPRNetIn
 +
class type inspect Traceroute
 +
  pass
 +
class type inspect Ping
 +
  inspect
 +
class class-default
 +
  drop
 +
policy-map type inspect AllowAllOut
 +
class type inspect Generic
 +
  inspect
 +
class class-default
 +
  drop
 +
!
 +
! Apply policy-maps to traffic flows between zones.
 +
!
 +
zone-pair security AMPRNet_to_AMPRAlloc source AMPRNet destination AMPRAlloc
 +
service-policy type inspect AMPRNetIn
 +
zone-pair security AMPRAlloc_to_AMPRNet source AMPRAlloc destination AMPRNet
 +
service-policy type inspect AllowAllOut</nowiki>
 +
 
 +
== Routing to other 44net gateways ==
  
 
In order to route your traffic  to other 44 net gateways  you need to build  a tunnel interface to every gateway  (unlike JNOS that one tunnel deal with all  tunnels)
 
In order to route your traffic  to other 44 net gateways  you need to build  a tunnel interface to every gateway  (unlike JNOS that one tunnel deal with all  tunnels)
Line 92: Line 178:
  
  
  interface Tunnel0
+
  <nowiki>interface Tunnel0
ip unnumbered Ethernet0
+
ip unnumbered Ethernet0
no ip directed-broadcast
+
no ip directed-broadcast
tunnel source Ethernet0
+
tunnel source Ethernet0
tunnel destination 169.228.34.84
+
tunnel destination 169.228.34.84
tunnel mode ipip
+
tunnel mode ipip
!
+
!
interface Tunnel741916672
+
interface Tunnel741916672
description Link to 44.56.192.0
+
description Link to 44.56.192.0
ip unnumbered Ethernet0
+
ip unnumbered Ethernet0
ip access-group acl_44 in
+
ip access-group acl_44 in
no ip directed-broadcast
+
no ip directed-broadcast
tunnel source 10.0.0.180
+
tunnel source 10.0.0.180
tunnel destination 24.229.88.253
+
tunnel destination 24.229.88.253
tunnel mode ipip
+
tunnel mode ipip
  
interface Ethernet0
+
interface Ethernet0
description connected to EthernetLAN_HAIFA
+
description connected to EthernetLAN_HAIFA
ip address 44.138.1.1 255.255.255.0 secondary
+
ip address 44.138.1.1 255.255.255.0 secondary
ip address 10.0.0.180 255.255.255.0
+
ip address 10.0.0.180 255.255.255.0
no ip directed-broadcast
+
no ip directed-broadcast
  
ip classless
+
ip classless
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 Tunnel0 169.228.34.84
+
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 Tunnel0 169.228.34.84
ip route 169.228.34.84 255.255.255.255 Ethernet0 10.0.0.138
+
ip route 169.228.34.84 255.255.255.255 Ethernet0 10.0.0.138
ip route 44.56.192.0 255.255.255.0 Tunnel741916672
+
ip route 44.56.192.0 255.255.255.0 Tunnel741916672
ip route 24.229.88.253 255.255.255.255 Ethernet0 10.0.0.138
+
ip route 24.229.88.253 255.255.255.255 Ethernet0 10.0.0.138</nowiki>
  
Making the route commands automatically
+
== Making the route commands automatically ==
  
 
Because  the route info of the gateways (the encap file) changes  periodically
 
Because  the route info of the gateways (the encap file) changes  periodically
Line 139: Line 225:
 
The Perl  Script for the Cisco  enclosed  
 
The Perl  Script for the Cisco  enclosed  
  
  #!/usr/bin/perl
+
<nowiki> #!/usr/bin/perl
 
  #encapconvert.pl V0.1 10-31-12
 
  #encapconvert.pl V0.1 10-31-12
 
  #Script created by Jason Begley KY9J ky9j.com ky9j@arrl.net
 
  #Script created by Jason Begley KY9J ky9j.com ky9j@arrl.net
Line 419: Line 505:
 
  }
 
  }
  
  ### EO wildcard sub ### </CODE>
+
  ### EO wildcard sub ### </nowiki>
  
  

Latest revision as of 11:27, 16 January 2020

Option 1: Secondary IP on WAN interface

To create a gateway using Cisco equipment you must have a Cisco Router (preferred from series 2600 and above)

Preferred with two Ethernet ports (but can be done also with one Ethernet port)

Pre requirement to the setup to work are as follows:

You have already registered with AMPRNet and got your 44.x.x.x/y allocation and it is showing in the encap.txt file (see "If you are looking to get an IP allocation within the AMPRNet please read the Portal page.") info on the main page .


You have registered some hosts of your allocated network in the AMPRNet DNS like <your call sign>.ampr.org

The example given here here is of one Ethernet port.

You have to assign the router Ethernet port the Commercial IP

The commands are:

enable
configure terminal
interface ethernet0
ip address <and here you give the ip of the commercial isp the router is connected to> (it can also be the IP of a network the router is on  (as long as this IP is accessible to the outside world))> <The NetMask of the network>

The interface name can vary depending on your router type, it can be Ethernet0 FastEthernet0 GigabitEthernet0/0 etc.

(To see what interfaces you have in order to assign them the address use the command Show interface and identify the Ethernet port name.)

Then you have to assign the AMPRNet 44.x.x.x IP .

For a router with one port any additional network IP has to be secondary and the command is:

int eth0
ip add <the AMPR IP > <the netmask of the network > secondary
 

Now some tunneling commands have to be added to redirect your outgoing traffic (via tunnel) to the main AMPRNET router , you do it because every ISP block outgoing IP's which is not a part of their network (and 44 net is not belong to any ISP) so in order to allow the 44 net IP traffic to gain access to the outside world you need to do a tunnel to the AMPR.ORG router to the outgoing traffic (traffic that intend to reach the internet (all other IP's that are not part of the AMPRNet))

To open a tunnel channel you have to specify the tunnel source address (from where the tunnel is established) and tunnel destination (to where the tunnel establish to)

This is done by a few commands here they are

interface tunnel0
tunnel source <here you put the router commercial IP>
tunnel destination <here you put  the AMPR.ORG main tunnel router IP>
tunnel mode ipip (this command is to tell the tunnel (cisco support lot of tunneling types) which  mode to use)

In addition the router has to be notified to pass all the outgoing 44 Net Traffic to the tunnel interface and not to route it just like that to the Internet (because as explained they will be probably blocked by the closest ISP you are connected to )

The command to do it is

ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 Tunnel0 <the ip address of the AMPR.ORG main tunnel router >

(0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 mean "any IP") (will be explained latter)

Another important command is a command to route the tunneled traffic from the router to the main ampr.org router not via a tunnel (this important to establish tunnel)

This command is more specific then the "any IP" route command described before and say to the router : "pass the tunneled traffic belong to the other side of the tunnel direct and not via tunnel"

The Command is :

ip route <the ampr.org main tunnel IP > 255.255.255.255 Ethernet0 <your  router commercial IP>

This are the minimum commands necessary to be able to route your inside 44 net IP to the outside world (but not to any other 44 net networks worldwide)


This method will redirect any outgoing traffic (no matter what local IP is used ) to the tunnel and since the AMPR.ORG tunnel deal with tunneling from only 44 Net IP it mean that if the router local Lan is sharing 44 and non 44 IP machines the non 44 Net machines will have no connectivity to the world


To overcome this problem a route policy will have to be used (with the command route-map) because regular route command deal with route for destination IP without looking at the source (local net) and route policy can do it ...

So two policy have to be created one for all addresses (excluding the AMPRnet that needed to be routed direct to the internet (without tunnel) and second one specifically for the 44 net hosts that needed to redirect their outgoing traffic to the tunnels

Option 2: VLAN and zone-based firewall

If you're familiar with zone-based policy firewalls in IOS, it's possible to combine that feature with VTI and policy-based routing in a way that doesn't require multiple route-maps and won't impact non-44net traffic on the router.

!
! Define security zones for the tunnel interface and 44net vlan
!
zone security AMPRNet
zone security AMPRAlloc
!
! An ACL for source traffic on the 44net vlan
!
ip access-list standard Vlan44
 permit <your_44net_allocation> <your_allocation_mask>
 deny   any log
!
! Send all traffic coming from the 44net vlan through the tunnel.
!
route-map ampr-tunnel permit 10
 set interface Tunnel44
!
interface Vlan44
 description AMPRNet allocation
 ip address <first_ip_from_your_allocation> <allocation_subnet_mask>
 ip access-group Vlan44 in
 zone-member security AMPRAlloc
 ip policy route-map ampr-tunnel
!
interface Tunnel44
 description AMPRNet
 ip unnumbered Vlan44
 zone-member security AMPRNet
 tunnel source GigabitEthernet0/0/1
 tunnel mode ipip
 tunnel destination 169.228.34.84
!
! Now we get into the zone-based firewall configuration
! Access lists for class-maps
!
ip access-list extended Ping
 permit icmp any any echo
ip access-list extended Traceroute
 permit icmp any any time-exceeded
 permit icmp any any unreachable
!
! Classify traffic for the zone-based firewall
!
class-map type inspect match-all Traceroute
 match access-group name Traceroute
 match protocol icmp
class-map type inspect match-all Ping
 match protocol icmp
 match access-group name Ping
class-map type inspect match-any Generic
 match protocol tcp
 match protocol udp
 match protocol icmp
!
! Define policies for the classes above.
! Here we will only allow ping and traceroute in, and have no restrictions on outbound traffic.
! Customize to your needs, of course.
!
policy-map type inspect AMPRNetIn
 class type inspect Traceroute
  pass
 class type inspect Ping
  inspect
 class class-default
  drop
policy-map type inspect AllowAllOut
 class type inspect Generic
  inspect
 class class-default
  drop
!
! Apply policy-maps to traffic flows between zones.
!
zone-pair security AMPRNet_to_AMPRAlloc source AMPRNet destination AMPRAlloc
 service-policy type inspect AMPRNetIn
zone-pair security AMPRAlloc_to_AMPRNet source AMPRAlloc destination AMPRNet
 service-policy type inspect AllowAllOut

Routing to other 44net gateways

In order to route your traffic to other 44 net gateways you need to build a tunnel interface to every gateway (unlike JNOS that one tunnel deal with all tunnels) and the tunnel have to have a tunnel source tunnel destination (as explained above ) and tunnel mode

In addition two route lines have to be added

One is route command to route the specific 44 network of the gateway this tunnel deal into this tunnel

And another is to allow the tunnel traffic to go thorough the internet

Enclosed is example from router that is doing tunnel to the main AMPR router and to one gateway somewhere in the world

The tunnel0 interface is the Main AMPR.ORG router and the tunnel with 741916672 is one tunnel to a gateway

The section of tunnel74xxx have to duplicated to every 44 net gateway (of course with the corresponding ip of the specific gateway) (currently about 400 times)

TIP: If you are not familiar with Cisco Commands you can use the GUI Software called Cisco Configuration Professional (CCP)

to config the router with it

Later on we will deal of how to create these tunnels lines configuration using a script that takes the info from the ENCAP.TXT file and convert it to Cisco config


interface Tunnel0
ip unnumbered Ethernet0
no ip directed-broadcast
tunnel source Ethernet0
tunnel destination 169.228.34.84
tunnel mode ipip
!
interface Tunnel741916672
description Link to 44.56.192.0
ip unnumbered Ethernet0
ip access-group acl_44 in
no ip directed-broadcast
tunnel source 10.0.0.180
tunnel destination 24.229.88.253
tunnel mode ipip

interface Ethernet0
description connected to EthernetLAN_HAIFA
ip address 44.138.1.1 255.255.255.0 secondary
ip address 10.0.0.180 255.255.255.0
no ip directed-broadcast

ip classless
ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 Tunnel0 169.228.34.84
ip route 169.228.34.84 255.255.255.255 Ethernet0 10.0.0.138
ip route 44.56.192.0 255.255.255.0 Tunnel741916672
ip route 24.229.88.253 255.255.255.255 Ethernet0 10.0.0.138

Making the route commands automatically

Because the route info of the gateways (the encap file) changes periodically mainly because a lot of gateway sits on dynamic ip

and because the tunnel ip as a result change you may loose the tunnel to these gateways

In order to be "updated" it is needed to take the new encap file periodically and put it into the cisco router

Because the encap file lines are not a format of commands that Cisco "understand" a fomat conversion need to be made in order to convert route info in the encap file to commands that cisco can "understand"

So a Script that take the encap file and make a new file of Cisco commands must be run

There are two scripts that do it available , one is Perl and other is VBS

The example will give the results of the Perl Script

The Perl Script for the Cisco enclosed

 #!/usr/bin/perl
 #encapconvert.pl V0.1 10-31-12
 #Script created by Jason Begley KY9J ky9j.com ky9j@arrl.net
 #This script is used for converting the encap.txt file from the AMPR net
 #into a loadable config file for use on cisco routers. It is advised to use
 #this on a 2600 or better router due to interface limits.
 #

 my ($line);
 my %nets = ();
 my $net = undef;
 my $mask = undef;

 #####
 #Below are user defined varibles

 my $loop = "Ethernet0"; #LOOPBACK INT CHANGE IF ALREADY IN USE
 my $outip = "10.0.0.180"; #YOUR PUBLIC IP ADDRESS
 my $loopip = "44.138.1.1"; #YOUR AMPR IP ADDRESS
 #EO user defined varibles
 #####


 my $file = $ARGV[0];
 my $debug = $ARGV[1];
 if(!$file) { usage(); exit; } 
 if($file =~ /--help/) { usage(); exit; } 

 open (MYFILE, '>cisco-config.txt');
 print MYFILE "!\ninterface $loop\nip address $loopip 255.255.255.255\n!\n";
 close (MYFILE);
 open(ENCAP, $file);
 @line = <ENCAP>;
 close (ENCAP);
 @line = grep (!/^\s*$/,@line);
 @line = grep (!/^#/,@line);
 chomp(@line);

 foreach $line(@line)
 {
        $n1 = $n2 = $n3 = $n4 = undef;
        @ln = (split(/ +/, $line));
        ($n, $s) = (split(/\//, $ln[2]));
        ($n1, $n2, $n3, $n4) = split(/\./, $n);
        $gw = $ln[4];
        $gw =~ s/\s*$//;
 
        if      ($n1 == '')  {  $n1='0'};
        if      ($n2 == '')  {  $n2='0'};
        if      ($n3 == '')  {  $n3='0'};
        if      ($n4 == '')  {  $n4='0'};

        if ($s == '1')  { $mask='128.0.0.0'};
        if ($s == '2')  { $mask='192.0.0.0'};
        if ($s == '3')  { $mask='224.0.0.0'};
        if ($s == '4')  { $mask='240.0.0.0'};
        if ($s == '5')  { $mask='248.0.0.0'};
        if ($s == '6')  { $mask='252.0.0.0'};
        if ($s == '7')  { $mask='254.0.0.0'};
        if ($s == '8')  { $mask='255.0.0.0'};
        if ($s == '9')  { $mask='255.128.0.0'};
        if ($s == '10') { $mask='255.192.0.0'};
        if ($s == '11') { $mask='255.224.0.0'};
        if ($s == '12') { $mask='255.240.0.0'};
        if ($s == '13') { $mask='255.248.0.0'};
        if ($s == '14') { $mask='255.252.0.0'};
        if ($s == '15') { $mask='255.254.0.0'};
        if ($s == '16') { $mask='255.255.0.0'};
        if ($s == '17') { $mask='255.255.128.0'};
        if ($s == '18') { $mask='255.255.192.0'};
        if ($s == '19') { $mask='255.255.224.0'};
        if ($s == '20') { $mask='255.255.240.0'};
        if ($s == '21') { $mask='255.255.248.0'};
        if ($s == '22') { $mask='255.255.252.0'};
        if ($s == '23') { $mask='255.255.254.0'};
        if ($s == '24') { $mask='255.255.255.0'};
        if ($s == '25') { $mask='255.255.255.128'};
        if ($s == '26') { $mask='255.255.255.192'};
        if ($s == '27') { $mask='255.255.255.224'};
        if ($s == '28') { $mask='255.255.255.240'};
        if ($s == '29') { $mask='255.255.255.248'};
        if ($s == '30') { $mask='255.255.255.252'};
        if ($s == '31') { $mask='255.255.255.254'};
        if ($s == '32') { $mask='255.255.255.255'};
        if ($s == '')   { $mask='255.255.255.255'};

  $net = "$n1.$n2.$n3.$n4";
  $ifid = cipdec(1, $net);
  $wmask = do_subtract($mask);
  print "*ip info*\n";
  print "NET:$n\nBITS:$s MASK:$mask-$wmask\nGW:$gw\nIF:$ifid\n\n";
  open (MYFILE, '>>cisco-config.txt');

 if ($debug != NULL) {
  print "LINE:$line";
  print "\n!\n";
  print "interface tunnel $ifid\n";
  print "description Link to $net\n";
  print "ip unnumbered $loop\n";
  print "tunnel source $outip\n";
  print "tunnel destination $gw\n";
  print "tunnel mode ipip\n!\n";
 }

 if ($gw != $outip) {

  print MYFILE "!\n";
  print MYFILE "interface tunnel $ifid\n";
  print MYFILE "description Link to $net\n";
  print MYFILE "ip unnumbered $loop\n";
  print MYFILE "tunnel source $outip\n";
  print MYFILE "tunnel destination $gw\n";
  print MYFILE "ip tcp adjust-mss 1436\n";
  print MYFILE "ip access-group acl_44 in\n!\n";
  print MYFILE "tunnel mode ipip\n!\n";
  print MYFILE "ip route $net $mask tunnel$ifid\n!\n";
 }
  print MYFILE "ip route  $gw 255.255.255.255 Eth0 10.0.0.138\n";
 }
 print MYFILE "!\nend\n!\n";
 close (MYFILE);

 sub usage
  {
  print << "EOT";
 *** This script is for creating a loadable config (copy tftp run) for cisco routers ***
 *** Please note that this was tested to work on 2651XM or better, expect poor resp- ***
 *** -onse on smaller/slower platforms.                                              ***
 *** Edit this file and change varibles as noted to your values.                     ***
 *** File \"cisco-config.txt\" will be generated in this directory for tftp upload     ***
 *** Run as follows:                                                                 ***
 *** perl encapconvert.pl encap.txt                                                  ***
 EOT
  }
 

 ########################################################
 # Sub cipdec
 # USAGE: For converting IP to DEC values and reverse
 #
 # my ($err, $ret) = cipdec(1, $ip);  #1 =from ip to dec, 2 = from dec to ip 
 # if($err != 0) { print "MAIN: ERR ON \"$ret\"\n"; next; }  
 #
 sub cipdec
   {
  my $debug = 0;
  my (@oct, $opt, $var, $err, $ret, $errmsg);
  my ($oct1, $oct2, $oct3, $oct4);
  my ($dec1, $dec2, $dec3);
  $opt = shift(@_); #1 =from ip to dec, 2 = from dec to ip
  $var = shift(@_); # IP or a DEC 
  $err = 0;
  $ret = 0;
  if($debug == 1) 
    { 
    print "SUB TEST: OPT=\"$opt\"\n";
    print "SUB TEST: VAR=\"$var\"\n";
    }
  if($opt == 1) #1 =from ip to dec
    {
    my $ip = $var;

    if(!($ip) || ($ip eq "") || !($ip =~ /\./))
      {
      if($debug == 1) { print "NO . in IP.. Next\n"; }
      $err = 1;
      $ret = "ERR: IP WITH NO \".\"";
      return($err, $ret);
      }
    @oct = split(/\./, $ip);
    my $numoct = @oct;
    if($numoct != 4)
      {
      if($debug == 1) { print "--INVALID IP: \"$ip\"\n"; }
      $err = 1;
      $ret = "ERR: OCT CT \"$ip\"";
      return($err, $ret);
      }
    foreach my $val (@oct)
      {
      if(!(defined $val) || ($val eq "") || ($val =~ /\D/) || ($val > 255) || ($val < 0))
        { 
        if($debug == 1) { print "--INVALID IP: \"$ip\"\n"; }
        $err = 1;
        $ret = "ERR: OCT SIZE \"$ip:$val\"";
        return($err, $ret);
        } # EO IF oct container
      } #EO FOREACH OCT
    $ret += ($oct[0] * (256**3)); #Convert 1st octet to decimal and add
    $ret += ($oct[1] * (256**2)); #Convert 2nd octet to decimal and add
    $ret += $oct[2] * 256; #Convert 3rd octet to decimal and add
    $ret += $oct[3]; #Add the 4th octet to decimal
    if(($ret < 0) || ($ret > 4294967296)) #0.0.0.0 or 255.255.255.255 = Err
      {
      if($debug == 1) { print "--INVALID IP: \"$ip\"\n"; }
      $err = 1;
      $ret = "ERR: DEC SIZE \"$ip\"";
      return($err, $ret);
      } #EO DEC Size
    
    return($err, $ret);
    } #EO OPT == 1

  
  if($opt == 2) #1 = dec to ip
    {
    $oct1 = 0; $oct2 = 0; $oct3 = 0; $oct4 = 0;
    my $dec = $var;
    if($debug == 1) { print "SUB TEST: DEC=\"$dec\"\n"; }
    
    if(!(defined $dec) || ($dec eq "") || ($dec < 1) || ($dec > 4294967295)) #0.0.0.0 or 255.255.255.255 = Err
      {
      if($debug == 1) { print "--INVALID DEC: \"$dec\"\n"; }
      $err = 1;
      $ret = "ERR: DEC SIZE \"$dec\"";
      return($err, $ret);
      } #EO DEC Size   
   
    if($dec >= 256**3)
      {
      $oct1 = ($dec / 256**3);
      my @num = split(/\./, $oct1);
      $oct1 = $num[0];
      if($debug == 1) { print "OCT1: \"$oct1\"\n"; }
      $dec1 = ($oct1 * 256**3);
      $dec = $dec - $dec1;
      }
    if($dec >= 256**2)
      {
      $oct2 = ($dec / 256**2);
      my @num = split(/\./, $oct2);
      $oct2 = $num[0];
      if($debug == 1) { print "OCT2: \"$oct2\"\n"; }
      $dec2 = ($oct2 * 256**2);
      $dec = $dec - $dec2;
      }

    if($dec >= 256)
      {
      $oct3 = ($dec / 256);
      my @num = split(/\./, $oct3);
      $oct3 = $num[0];
      if($debug == 1) { print "OCT3: \"$oct3\"\n"; }
      $dec3 = $oct3 * 256;
      $dec = $dec - $dec3;
      }
  
    $oct4 = $dec;  
    if($debug == 1) { print "OCT4: \"$oct4\"\n"; }
    $ret = "$oct1.$oct2.$oct3.$oct4";
    return($err, $ret);
    } #EO If $opt == 2  
  
  $err = 1;
  $ret = "I'm lost and sent to leftovers";  
  return($err, $ret);
  }
 ################### EO SUB CIPDEC#################################

 ### wildcard sub ###
 sub do_subtract(  ) {
  local($ip) = @_;

  # break up the bytes of the incoming IP address
  $_ = $ip;
  ($a, $b, $c, $d) = split(/\./);

  if ($a > 255 || $b > 255 || $c > 255 || $d > 255 || /[^0-9.]/) {
     print "invalid input mask or wildcard\n";
     exit(  );
  }

  $a = 255 - $a;
  $b = 255 - $b;
  $c = 255 - $c;
  $d = 255 - $d;

  return ($a . "." . $b . "." . $c . "." . $d);
 }

 ### EO wildcard sub ### 


Before you run the script make sure to take out the line of your gateway from the encap file


The result of the script is set of commands that look like that

interface tunnel 748306432
description Link to 44.154.64.0
ip unnumbered Ethernet0
tunnel source 10.0.0.180
tunnel destination 79.107.164.191
ip tcp adjust-mss 1436
ip access-group acl_44 in
!
tunnel mode ipip
!
ip route 44.154.64.0 255.255.255.0 tunnel748306432
!
ip route  79.107.164.191 255.255.255.255 Ethernet0 10.0.0.138
!

This section return on itself (with different IP , destination and route IPs's ) as the amount of lines in the encap file

When the file is ready (after running the perl script) you can copy it with editor and send it to the cisco or by terminal (with the config t command) or by TFTP

The Encap file can be taken automatically from the Portal using the API and you can push the commands to the cisco (after the encap convert to cisco commands after running perl) with TFTP

So with a small software work the whole procedure can be done fully automatic