Why can't I just route my AMPRNet allocation directly myself ?

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Reason #1: Because of ISP Ingress Filtering

In the 1990's and early 2000's many networks began to experience denial of service attacks due to IP address spoofing.

In order to combat these attacks, most Internet Service Providers (ISPs) have adopted practices defined by the Internet Standards BCP38 and BCP84.

Two of these practices are ingress filtering and Unicast Reverse Path Forwarding.

These practices prevent IP address spoofing by blocking packets whose IP source address is not the in the IP subnet range where the packet originated.

If your ISP implements these practices (and they should), you will be unable to transmit packets using your AMPRNet allocation as the source address directly from your home network.

Reason #2: Restrictions on who can announce routes

In order to prevent chaos on the Internet only ISP's and other authorized networks can announce routes globally. Your ISP will block any attempts by you to advertise your AMPRNet allocation without their permission. In addition, announcing your AMPRNet allocation directly, without the permission of the AMPRNet network administrator is a violation of AMPRNet's Terms of Service and Acceptable Use Policy.

Work arounds

The three ways around these restrictions are:

  1. Creating direct tunnels to other AMPRNet subnets using a gateway.
  2. Working with AMPRNet and your ISP to properly announce your allocation directly.
  3. Accessing AMPRNet via VPN