Difference between revisions of "Firewalls"

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(→‎iptables: add more more comments)
(→‎iptables: added noes about IPENCAP rule and added nested IPENCAP rule)
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== '''iptables''' ==
== '''iptables''' ==


To enable input of IPENCAP (IP Protocol Number 4)
To enable input of IPENCAP (IP Protocol Number 4) '''Note: this rule is required for other AMPR nodes to initiate inbound traffic to your node.'''


  iptables -t filter -I INPUT -p 4 -i '''<INTERFACE OF YOUR WAN>''' -j ACCEPT  
  iptables -t filter -I INPUT -p 4 -i '''<INTERFACE OF YOUR WAN>''' -j ACCEPT  


If your AMPR node is downstream, you will create an INPUT '''and''' DNAT forward rule to the destination LAN IP of your AMPR node.


To enable receipt of [[RIP]]44
To enable receipt of [[RIP]]44
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  iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 224.0.0.0/4 -i tunl0 -j DROP
  iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 224.0.0.0/4 -i tunl0 -j DROP
  iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 240.0.0.0/4 -i tunl0 -j DROP
  iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 240.0.0.0/4 -i tunl0 -j DROP
############################################################
# THIS PREVENTS NESTED IPENCAP (BCP 38)
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -p 4 -i tunl0 -j DROP


== Cisco ==
== Cisco ==

Revision as of 11:58, 18 October 2016

Welcome to the Firewall Wiki.

NOTE: This page is intended to be edited by the community to add use practices, command syntax, etc. regarding firewalling and security on AMPRNet nodes. While each operator is ultimately responsible for the administration of their node, it is highly suggested amongst the 44 Community that nodes be firewalled.


NOTE: On an iptables-based firewall, you must enable connection tracking on the tunl0 interface in order to enable Stateful Packet Inspection (i.e. a stateful firewall). Since the IPENCAP Linux Kernel Module IPIP is in the kernel, you must set the default forwarding policy to DROP or REJECT. If you set your default routing policy to ACCEPT, all packets that have not been explicitly DROPped or REJECTed elsewhere, will route, regardless of firewall policies.


iptables

To enable input of IPENCAP (IP Protocol Number 4) Note: this rule is required for other AMPR nodes to initiate inbound traffic to your node.

iptables -t filter -I INPUT -p 4 -i <INTERFACE OF YOUR WAN> -j ACCEPT 

If your AMPR node is downstream, you will create an INPUT and DNAT forward rule to the destination LAN IP of your AMPR node.

To enable receipt of RIP44

iptables -t filter -I INPUT -p udp -s 44.0.0.1 --sport 520 -d 224.0.0.9 --dport 520 -i tunl0 -j ACCEPT 


############################################################
# DROPS IP TRAFFIC THAT'S INVALID ENTERING OR EXITING AMPR
# THIS PREVENTS A GENERAL LOOP
iptables -I FORWARD -i tunl0 -o tunl0 -j DROP
# DROPS OUTBOUND IPs NOT FROM YOUR ALLOCATION (BCP 38)
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING ! -s 44.xxx.xxx.xxx/xx -i br-amprnet -j DROP
# DROPS ROGUE INBOUND ASSIGNED IPs FROM LOOPING THROUGH tunl0 VIA IPENCAP
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 44.xxx.xxx.xxx/xx -i tunl0 -j DROP
# DROPS OUTBOUND UNASSIGNED IPs FROM LOOPING THROUGH tunl0 VIA IPENCAP
# YOU MUST ADD A RULE UNDER THIS LINE TO MAKE EXCEPTIONS (BCP 38)
iptables -I FORWARD ! -s 44.xxx.xxx.xxx/xx -o tunl0 -j DROP
############################################################
# DROPS BOGONS ENTERING AMPRNet
# SEE http://www.team-cymru.org/Services/Bogons/bogon-bn-nonagg.txt
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 0.0.0.0/8 -i tunl0 -j DROP
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 10.0.0.0/8 -i tunl0 -j DROP
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 100.64.0.0/10 -i tunl0 -j DROP
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 127.0.0.0/8 -i tunl0 -j DROP
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 169.254.0.0/16 -i tunl0 -j DROP
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 172.16.0.0/12 -i tunl0 -j DROP
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 192.0.0.0/24 -i tunl0 -j DROP
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 192.0.2.0/24 -i tunl0 -j DROP
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 192.168.0.0/16 -i tunl0 -j DROP
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 198.18.0.0/15 -i tunl0 -j DROP
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 198.51.100.0/24 -i tunl0 -j DROP
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 203.0.113.0/24 -i tunl0 -j DROP
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 224.0.0.0/4 -i tunl0 -j DROP
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -s 240.0.0.0/4 -i tunl0 -j DROP
############################################################
# THIS PREVENTS NESTED IPENCAP (BCP 38)
iptables -t raw -I PREROUTING -p 4 -i tunl0 -j DROP

Cisco

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