Setting up a gateway on Linux

From 44Net Wiki
Revision as of 23:41, 8 March 2023 by Airgapped (talk | contribs) (Link no longer Active, find new link or create.>> "John Martin KF8KK has written a [ Linux - Jnos Setup and Configuration HOW-TO]. ")
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

There are a few different ways to run an AMPRnet gateway on a Linux system. Each has some benefits, so you'll need to pick your favourite.

Before configuring the Linux gateway you'll need to:

  1. Using the Portal, obtain your AMPRnet IP addresses from a regional coordinator.
  2. Obtain a public static IP address for your gateway.
  3. Using the Portal, create an entry for your gateway.
  4. Get some of your AMPRNet IP addresses registered in the DNS.

Flavours of Linux gateways

Native Linux kernel AX.25 and IPIP tunneling

Linux contains the necessary building blocks for a gateway without much added software. Radio interfaces are configured much like any other network interfaces such as Ethernet, they're just given amateur radio callsigns in addition to an IP address (callsign will act the role of the Ethernet MAC address). If you're familiar with Linux configuration but have not heard of NOS, or if you wish to go with minimal amount of moving parts, this would probably be your choice.

Setting up a native Linux gateway consists of two main steps:

Step 1: Setting up tunnel routing to the rest of the AMPRnet

Configuring your Linux system to learn about other AMPRNet gateways can be done two ways:

  1. Automatically learn about other gateways via modified RIPv2 advertisements. Two popular programs to do this are:
    1. Using ampr-ripd, a C based routing daemon
    2. Using rip44d, a PERL based routing daemon
  2. Manually Downloading the encap.txt file using FTP and setting up routes using a munge script is the traditional method

Example Gateway Configuration Instructions

Step 2: Setting up radio interfaces in Linux

  • Linux AX.25 set-up
  • 802.11 WiFi on amateur frequencies (2.4 or 5 GHz) is a new popular way to set up fast links.

Running JNOS (or other NOS) on top of Linux

If you're already familiar with running NOS on top of DOS or Linux, or wish to keep the AMPRnet IP packet routing away from the host Linux system, it might make sense to run JNOS as an application on top of Linux.

The downside is that it'll have a slightly higher overhead (consumed memory and CPU), and you'll have two IP routers running on top of each other instead of just one, which is seen as slightly complicated by some.

The upside is that you'll also get the JNOS BBS-type features, and some other traditional services without installing additional software on top.

See also