Setting up a gateway on Linux
There are a few different ways to run an AMPRnet gateway on a Linux system. Each has some benefits, so you'll need to pick your favourite.
Before configuring the Linux gateway you'll need to:
- Using the Portal, obtain your AMPRnet IP addresses from a regional coordinator.
- Obtain a public static IP address for your gateway.
- Using the Portal, create an entry for your gateway.
- Get some of your AMPRNet IP addresses registered in the ampr.org DNS.
Flavours of Linux gateways
Native Linux kernel AX.25 and IPIP tunneling
Linux contains the necessary building blocks for a gateway without much added software. Radio interfaces are configured much like any other network interfaces such as Ethernet, they're just given amateur radio callsigns in addition to an IP address (callsign will act the role of the Ethernet MAC address). If you're familiar with Linux configuration but have not heard of NOS, or if you wish to go with minimal amount of moving parts, this would probably be your choice.
Setting up a native Linux gateway consists of two main steps:
Step 1: Setting up tunnel routing to the rest of the AMPRnet
Configuring your Linux system to learn about other AMPRNet gateways can be done two ways:
- Automatically learn about other gateways via modified RIPv2 advertisements. Two popular programs to do this are:
- Manually Downloading the encap.txt file using FTP and setting up routes using a munge script is the traditional method
Example Gateway Configuration Instructions
- Ubuntu Linux Gateway Example
- Two Interface Debian Linux Amprnet Gateway Example
- K7ILO'S Two Interface Debian 11 AmprNet Gateway Build in layman's terms
Step 2: Setting up radio interfaces in Linux
- Linux AX.25 set-up
- 802.11 WiFi on amateur frequencies (2.4 or 5 GHz) is a new popular way to set up fast links.
Running JNOS (or other NOS) on top of Linux
If you're already familiar with running NOS on top of DOS or Linux, or wish to keep the AMPRnet IP packet routing away from the host Linux system, it might make sense to run JNOS as an application on top of Linux.
The downside is that it'll have a slightly higher overhead (consumed memory and CPU), and you'll have two IP routers running on top of each other instead of just one, which is seen as slightly complicated by some.
The upside is that you'll also get the JNOS BBS-type features, and some other traditional services without installing additional software on top.